by Apriliana Nur Rahmawati, Programmer at Mitrais Mobile application development is growing fast! Millions of apps are available in the various app stores. The popularity of mobile applications means that many developers are desperate to learn how to code and deliver their own applications, for either passion, prestige, or money. Just a few years ago, a developer who sought to be a mobile programmer needed to know each native language used in the desired platform. Java or Kotlin for Android, Objective-C or Swift for iOS. If a cross platform application was the desired result, then skills in both camps were necessary – difficult to achieve! Now, technology has begun evolving to the next level, especially for mobile programming. Hybrid code is the newcomer to mobile programming, and is becoming increasingly popular. Hybrid platforms allow developers to learn a single language and create cross platform applications with the same code base. They don’t need to learn Java, Kotlin, Swift or Objective-C deeply to develop their own application. Ionic, Native Script and Xamarin are just a few examples of Hybrid platforms currently sweeping the market. Some mobile developers still prefer to work with native languages, arguing that they produce superior results in terms of performance and UX. However, when Facebook introduced a new platform known as React Native few years ago, it quickly became a new wave. React Native has the concept of Hybrid platform, but actually renders to a native component. Ionic or React Native? Which is better? What should I use for my mobile application? Before diving deeply into the differences between Ionic and React Native, let’s briefly remind ourselves what hybrid and native apps are. Native:
- Apps built in native languages can access all the feature in their platform
- Apps are built with built with native languages, generally Kotlin or Java for Android, Objective-C or Swift for iOS
- The resultant apps feature fast and responsive UX and UI
- Native app development generally requires a initially higher investment in resources and time (therefore cost) when cross-platform applications are required.
- Apps built in Hybrid languages can connect with a specific platform’s features using tools like PhoneGap.
- They can exhibit medium-level performance compared to native apps.
- Hybrid development can result in significant time and money savings when building cross-platform applications.